Table of cold and warm colors: what is it and how to use it correctly
As science has proven, there are seven basic colors in nature, and only three fundamental tones for perception by the human eye:
White is the secondary color. Any palette can be obtained from these tones, a greater or lesser concentration of a certain shade will make the background warm or cold. The colorists developed a color chart. It is a scheme for combining shades, thanks to which anyone can choose the most correct palette for decoration.
This should be known! Mixing the selected palette with white allows you to control the temperature of the shade.
Circle of shades and their color combinations
Table of color combinations in the interior. In this article, we will take a closer look at how to combine colors in the interior, examples of color combinations in the children's room, bedroom, living room and kitchen, as well as some decorating techniques.
Warm tones of color fill the interior with comfort, cheer up and evoke positive emotions. These include the following tones:
Cold palette colors
Cold shades in the interior are used as independent, or in combination with a warm palette or white. These include the following range:
With the determination of the temperature of the shade, difficulties most often arise. Such concepts as cold red or warm red have become firmly established in everyday life, but not everyone understands the same thing by them. First, relative hue temperature is often confused with color temperature. Secondly, subjectivity: there is no precise definition of where red begins and ends. Meanwhile, the ability to determine cold and warm tones is important when working with a person's appearance, for example, determining color types and selecting individual color palettes. This skill can be developed through experience and understanding of a simple principle.
Any color other than orange can have warm, neutral, or cool undertones. How to determine the temperature of a hue using the color wheel?
We take any color and define its boundaries. Then we find the approximate center. Shades of color lying on the side of orange will be warm. From the blue side - cold. Intermediate colors without impurities of warm or cold are called local or neutral.
Let's start with green. It is formed by warm yellow and cold blue colors. A cold or warm green tint is obtained due to the predominance of blue or yellow. Moving up to yellow, we get warm shades, down to blue - cold.
The same principle applies to other colors, such as yellow. Approaching orange, the color warms up. Going down, yellow acquires a greenish, lemony, cold hue. Neutral yellow does not have a clear greenish or orange cast.
The orange color stands out in particular. This is the warmest and only color that does not have cold undertones. In addition, it spreads warmth to the surroundings. The nearest colors: yellow-orange and orange-red are also exceptionally warm.
Red. The same principle applies here: the upper shades, highlighted by yellow, are warm, the lower ones from the purple side are cold.
Purple itself is neutral, like green, it is formed by a mixture of cold and warm colors. A large proportion of red makes it warm, blue - cold. From the point of view of use in warm or cold scales, this is a rather complex color. The differences between warm purple and cool red or cool purple and violet are difficult to distinguish. It is also difficult to isolate the local magenta color.
The same boundary difficulties apply to purple. When adding red, it warms up, blue - it gets colder.
The difficulty in determining the temperature of a shade is that there are no exact and generally accepted distinctions where the warm shade of one color ends and the cold shade of another begins. There are no clear boundaries and local shades. Usually, when we are dealing with primary colors: red, blue, yellow and green, this division is intuitive, experience helps to distinguish between other colors.
The blue color is the coldest of the entire palette, it is the opposite of orange. But if orange makes neighboring colors exceptionally warm and does not have cold shades, then blue does not have similar properties. It is conditionally possible to allocate a warm blue color. Some people think that blue, by definition, cannot be warm, but a warm range of colors can contain blue, if you choose its right shade. Its cold, they are local shades are located in the middle, and warm at the edges: on the one hand, blue is highlighted with yellow, on the other with red. These shades will be warmer relative to cold blue.
Blue-green colors stand out separately. Here, warmth-coldness is conditional and depends on whether they are singled out in a separate group with their own local color or considered as part of green and blue shades.
If we consider turquoise as a local color, then the tones located on the green side will be warm, and those on the blue side will be cold.
If we consider blue as a local color, the same tones will be warm. Here, lightness and saturation are involved in determining the color.
So, we come to the influence of lightness and saturation on the color temperature. Up to this point, we have considered the properties of warmth-coldness on pure colors and one parameter - tone. But this is not enough, since most often you have to deal with complex colors in which there is an admixture of achromatic, that is, take into account all three parameters. Lightness changes with the addition of white and black, saturation - with the addition of gray.
Monochrome interiors that prefer one shade look harmonious. Designers use the "game" of contrasts. They develop multi-color combinations and combinations using Itten's theory.
If you correctly combine winter and summer colors, you will get a place where you can relax and unwind. You can create a monochromatic environment, focusing on multi-colored spots. Only the color must be chosen correctly, because the perception of each is different. The same shade causes a surge of positive emotions or anger. Even slightly changed tonality changes the situation.